IELTS Tips

IELTS勉強法:ライティングの秘訣#3: “IELTSエッセイ課題 5つのタイプの見極め方”

2016年 03月 15日 IELTS Tips

~IELTSで高スコアを取るための勉強のコツ~

このコーナーでは、IELTSの勉強法がわからないと感じている方に、お勧めの勉強法をご紹介します!
今回はライティング3回目です!
ライティング課題のタイプはどのように見極めればいいのでしょうか?ライティングの課題はこのようにだされます。ここで少しタイプの見極めの練習もしてみましょう。

3. How do I recognize the type of question?

The questions in the IELTS writing exam are written in the following way:

Directions: Write about the following topic:
Topic: People are relying more and more on computers in their daily lives.
Task: Some people believe this is a generally positive thing. Others believe this has mainly negative consequences. Discuss both points of view and then state your opinion.
Instructions: Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples for your own knowledge or experience.

A look at the Task line tells us the type of essay we need to write. It is easy to see that this task is an argument style essay because it directs you to discuss both points of view and state your opinion. Read the following prompts and decide what type of essay each one is asking for:

1. Should university focus on preparing students for specific jobs?
2. What can be done to protect the environment?
3. Should the government regulate fast food in the same way as drugs, alcohol and tobacco?
4. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of high school students having a part-time job?
5. How can team work be encouraged and assessed in schools?
6. What is your view of examinations in school?
7. Foreign language instruction should begin in kindergarten. Discuss.
8. The percentage of overweight children in western countries has increased dramatically in the last decade. Discuss the causes and effects of this trend.
9. What are the positive and negative effects of this trend?

How did you go? Below are the answers:

1. Opinion (*If you don’t have a strong opinion one way or another, you can write an argument-style essay.)
2. Problem-solution (The essay should focus on solutions)
3. Opinion
4. Advantages /disadvantages
5. Problem-solution (The question basically asks, “What should schools do to encourage team work?)
6. Opinion
7. Argument
8. Cause-effect
9. Argument (*Similar to an advantage/disadvantage essay)

How did you do? You will notice that opinion and argument-style essays were the most common types of essay. This is generally true of the IELST test, too. However, it is best to be prepared for any style!

どうでしたか?少しタイプの特徴がつかめたでしょうか?その中でも意見を述べたり、主張したりする課題が多く出るのですね!
次回はその意見を述べるタイプの課題を見ていきましょう!

IELTS勉強法:ライティングの秘訣#2: “IELTSエッセイ課題 5つのタイプ”

2016年 03月 01日 IELTS Tips

~IELTSで高スコアを取るための勉強のコツ~

このコーナーでは、IELTSの勉強法がわからないと感じている方に、お勧めの勉強法をご紹介します!
今回はライティング2回目です!
さて、エッセイの構成はその課題のタイプによるとお話ししましたが、そのタイプはいくつに分かれるのでしょうか?

1. What types of questions are there?

Well, if your essay structure depends on the type of question, how many different types of questions are there?
There are basically 5 types of Task 2 questions:

1. Opinion (agree or disagree)

This type of question asks you to state your opinion about a topic. It might be phrased as an agree/disagree question. You state your opinion in the introduction, support it in the body paragraphs and then restate it in the conclusion.
E.g. Computers allow us to interact with all parts of society online. Soon it will be unnecessary for people to leave their homes. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

2. Argument (talk about both sides of an issue)

This type of question requires a more balanced answer, so you need to look at both sides of an issue. First, give background information on the issue in the Introduction, then write one body paragraph from either side of the issue, and finally, state your opinion in the conclusion.
E.g. Computers allow us to carry out many daily activities from home. Some believe this is a positive trend. Others believe that there are many negative points to this. Discuss both points of view and give your opinion.

3. Problem and solution

This type of question may ask you to describe different aspects of a particular problem and suggest possible solutions to it. Sometimes you will be given a problem and asked only to propose solutions.
E.g. People are more reliant on their computers than ever before. List some of the problems associated with this trend and propose several solution. (**This can be written as “what should we do to solve this problem?”)

4. Advantages and disadvantages

This is very similar to an argumentative essay because it looks at two sides – the positive and negative – of a topic.
E.g. Computers are standard items in most houses these days. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of this situation.

5. Cause-effect

This type of essay, as the name suggests, requires you to explain the causes of a situation and the possible effects.
E.g. The online shopping industry continues to grow. Discuss the main causes for this, and explain its effects.

Now that you know the different types of questions that you may be asked, the next step is to learn to recognize each type. This way, the type of essay you write will be sure to match the question – an essential point for getting a high score in the IELTS test. We will look at how to do this in the next tip.



課題のタイプは基本的にこの5つに分かれるのですね。では次のステップは、その課題がどのタイプなのかを見極める力を身につけることですね! 課題に合ったエッセイを書くことで高得点を狙っていきましょう。
次回はその方法をご紹介します!

IELTS勉強法:ライティングの秘訣#1: “IELTSのエッセイはどうやって書けば...?論文構成”

2016年 02月 16日 IELTS Tips

~IELTSで高スコアを取るための勉強のコツ~

このコーナーでは、IELTSの勉強法がわからないと感じている方に、お勧めの勉強法をご紹介します!
今回からはライティングです!

How do I write an IELTS essay?

ライティングセクションのTask 2に向けて勉強する際に最も重要なことは正しい論文構成を身につけることです。添削者は論理的に構成された、きちんとまとめられているエッセイを期待しています。もっとシンプルに言うと、書いたエッセイが明確な構成になっていないと高得点は望めないということです!

1. Is structure important?

The most important thing to learn when preparing for Task 2 in the Writing section of the IELTS exam is the correct essay structure. Test markers are looking for a well-organized essay that follows a logical structure. Simply put, if your essay does not have a clear structure, you won’t get a high score!

In general, you will need to write a 4 (or 5) paragraph essay. The overall structure looks something like this:

Introduction

Body Paragraph 1

Body Paragraph 2

(For a 5-paragraph essay, add a 3rd body paragraph)

Conclusion

This is the basic outline for an essay, but the way you build each paragraph will change depending on the type of question. We will look at the different types of questions in the next tip.

出される課題により段落の構築の仕方は変わるのですね!
次回のIELTSライティング対策では違うタイプの課題を見ていきます。

IELTS勉強法:スピーキングの秘訣#4: “Task 3の対策!”

2016年 02月 02日 IELTS Tips

~IELTSで高スコアを取るための勉強のコツ~

このコーナーでは、IELTSの勉強法がわからないと感じている方に、お勧めの勉強法をご紹介します!

今回はスピーキングセクションの3つのTaskのうちの最後Task 3の対策です!
このセクションは4~5分で、もう少し高度な質問に対応できるかが試されます。

Question #5: What will I have to do exactly in Task 3?

Task 3: 2-way discussion

This section of the test lasts about 4-5 minutes. Task 3 is designed to check your ability to handle more difficult questions.

The interviewer will ask you questions related to the topic in Task 2; however, the question will be more abstract. This means that you will need to consider a general situation rather than your personal experience. In our Task 2 example, you spoke about season and the weather. Therefore, in Task 3, the interviewer may ask you about weather and environmental issues, such as:

- Are people in your country concerned about climate change?
- Who does the responsibility of protecting the environment lie with, governments or individuals?
- Does it help to educate young people about the effects of pollution?

This task is called a 2-way discussion, but in truth, you will be expected to do most of the speaking.

ディスカッションといっても、受験者がどんどん話すことが必要なのですね!
いかがでしたか?次回からはライティングです!

IELTS勉強法:スピーキングの秘訣#3: “Task 2の対策!”

2016年 01月 19日 IELTS Tips

~IELTSで高スコアを取るための勉強のコツ~

このコーナーでは、IELTSの勉強法がわからないと感じている方に、お勧めの勉強法をご紹介します!

今回はスピーキングセクションの3つのTaskのうち、Task 2の対策です!
このセクションは3~4分、少し長い時間話せるかどうかを試すことが目的です。ある、ありふれたトピックについて描写したり、説明したりするよう指示が書かれたカードが渡されます。

Question #4: What will I have to do exactly in Task 2?

Task 2: Individual long turn (1-2 minute speech)

This section of the test lasts about 3-4 minutes. The purpose of Task 2 of the IELTS speaking test is to measure your ability to speak for an extended period. In Task 2, you will be given a card that asks you to describe something familiar to you. The card will look like this:

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Describe your favorite season.

You should say:
   - What the season is and when it occurs
   - What the weather is like during this season
   - What your typical activities are during this season

and explain why it is your favorite season.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The card has three prompts that will help you to prepare and think of things to talk about. It is generally a good idea to cover these points, but it is not essential to do so. Other topics that may be given include such topics as your dream job, a person you respect, or your most valuable possession.

You will have one-minute to think about what you are going to say. You will also have a pen and paper to make notes if you think this will help you.

The interviewer is listening to see how fluently you can speak about the topic. After you have finished speaking, the interviewer may ask you one or two short follow-up question.

何かについて説明したり、描写したりすることに加えて、どうしてそれ(その人)を選んだのかの理由もしっかり話せなければならないのですね。
次回は最後のTask 3の対策です!

IELTS勉強法:スピーキングの秘訣#2: “Task 1の対策!”

2016年 01月 05日 IELTS Tips

~IELTSで高スコアを取るための勉強のコツ~

このコーナーでは、IELTSの勉強法がわからないと感じている方に、お勧めの勉強法をご紹介します!
今回は前回挙げたスピーキングセクションの3つのTaskのうちTask 1の対策です!
各セクションで何を話す必要があるのかを理解するために、詳しい内容をご紹介しましょう。例として挙げた質問で、より明確になるはずです。

Question #3: What will I have to do exactly in Task 1?

Here is some more detailed information to help you understand what you need to do in each section. The example questions should help make things clearer for you, too.

Task 1: Introduction & general questions.

This section lasts about 4-5 minutes and the questions are all about familiar topics. For example, you will be asked about your job/ studies, home, hometown, family and hobbies.

The test is designed in this way to help students. It is usually considered easier to talk about yourself than more abstract topics. BUT don’t relax and take it too easy! This is a chance to make a strong first impression on your interviewer.
Before the test begins, the interviewer needs to check some information. The basic flow of this conversation goes something like this:

1) The interviewer will introduce themselves and ask for your name. Be sure to answer with a clear voice and pleasant smile.
2) The examiner may ask you what they should call you. Simply reply, “_______ is fine.”
3) You then be asked where you are from. Answer this question briefly. You don’t have to go into any great detail here. It may be a question a little later in the test.
4) The interviewer will then ask to see you identification. After that, the test can begin.

The interviewer will choose a few familiar topics (2 or 3) and ask you 3-4 questions on each. This section is limited to around 5 minutes. So, depending on the length of your answers, you will have between 10-14 questions. Look at the following questions that the interviewer may ask:

So, you are a student. I’d like to ask you some questions about your studies.

1. What degree are you studying for?
2. Why did you choose that course?
3. What is the most difficult thing about your course?
4. What do hope to do after you graduate?


Now, let’s move on to your free time.

1. In what ways to you like to relax?
2. Do you prefer activities you do alone or with other people?
3. Do you think you have enough time to relax?

Ok, let’s change the topic. Let’s talk about your hometown.

1. Tell me some details about your hometown.
2. Is your hometown famous for anything?
3. Do you think that your hometown is a good place for young people?
4. What is one thing you’d like to see improved in your hometown?

自分の仕事や学問の分野から趣味や故郷のことなどに至るまで幅広いことについて自分のことが話せる準備、練習が必要なのですね。
次回はTask 2の対策です!

IELTS勉強法:スピーキングの秘訣#1: “知っておくべきこと”

2015年 12月 22日 IELTS Tips

~IELTSで高スコアを取るための勉強のコツ~

このコーナーでは、IELTSの勉強法がわからないと感じている方に、お勧めの勉強法をご紹介します!今回からはスピーキングです!
IELTSの勉強を始めるとなると、スピーキングセクションを一番心配する学生が多いですね。日本の学生に関して言えば、スピーキングの技術を磨く練習をする機会が少なかったことに因ることがよくありますが、それだけではなく、このパートの勉強法がよくわかっていないことにも原因があります。その手助けになるべく、よくある質問に答えていきましょう。

IELTS Speaking: What to expect

When it comes to preparing for the IELTS test, many students are most worried about the speaking section. For Japanese students, this is often because they have had few chances to practice their speaking skills, but also because they are unsure about how to prepare for this part of the test. To help you with that, we have tried to answer a few common questions you may have:

Question #1: How long is the test?
The test will take around 15 minutes.

Question #2: What kind of speaking tasks do I have to do?
The test is divided into 3 parts. Each task focuses on a different aspect of your speaking ability. The table below shows how the test is organized:

Task

Time

Description

1

4-5 min

Introduce yourself and answer simple, general questions.

2

3-4 min

Talk for 1-2 minutes on a given topic.

Answer follow-up questions.

3

4-5min

Discuss more abstract questions on a similar topic to Task 2



次回から3つあるTaskをひとつずつ取り上げ、対策をご紹介します!

IELTS勉強法:リーディングの秘訣#4:“過去問は使える?”

2015年 12月 08日 IELTS Tips

~IELTSで高スコアを取るための勉強のコツ~

このコーナーでは、IELTSの勉強法がわからないと感じている方に、お勧めの勉強法をご紹介します!今回はリーディングのコツ その4!

「過去問は使える?」

さて、これまでの秘訣でIELTSの過去問を昼夜問わず、ひたすらすることのないように!と言及してきました。その理由が明らかであることは、お分かりいただけたでしょうか。しかし、正しい方法であれば過去問の復習が有益になり得ます。

“Can I use old tests?”

Okay, so in the previous tips, we have mentioned several times not to spend all day and night doing old IELTS tests. I hope the reasons for this are clear; however, there can be benefits to reviewing previous test papers…if you do so in the right way.

An effective method of practicing a previous test is to work through each reading passage several times.

First, you should do it under exam conditions. This gives you a chance to practice managing your time. Time management is one of the biggest challenges for first-time test takers.

Then, after you have finished, you should work through the test again much more slowly. Take extra time checking over the questions you answered incorrectly. Of course, use a dictionary to help you understand the meaning of new words and learn their synonyms. Make sure you can understand your mistake.

When you do this regularly, you will become familiar with how tests are written, and you will recognize paraphrases more quickly.

There are plenty of previous tests online that you can use.

ただ過去問をやるだけでなく、まずはテスト環境で試してから、じっくり内容を理解していくことが大切ですね!
さて、次回はスピーキングのコツについてお話します! お楽しみに^^

IELTS勉強法:リーディングの秘訣#3: “何を読んだら…?”

2015年 11月 24日 IELTS Tips

~IELTSで高スコアを取るための勉強のコツ~

このコーナーでは、IELTSの勉強法がわからないと感じている方に、お勧めの勉強法をご紹介します!
今回はリーディングのコツ その3!

「何を読んだら…?」

前回の秘訣では、もしIELTSの勉強中、または単に語彙力を伸ばそうとしているのであれば、興味のあるトピックを扱った記事を読むと良いということを要点として挙げました。これは本当なんです。言語の勉強は大変です!その上、つまらないことの読解に奮闘しなければならないとなるともっと大変ですから!

"What to read?"

The previous tip made the point that if you are studying for the IELTS test, or just trying to improve your vocabulary, you should read articles on topics that you are interested in. This makes so much sense. Studying a language is tough, and it only gets tougher if you have to struggle through boring information!

Below are links to a variety of websites with interesting articles. You may find some of them interesting. If not, keep looking. There are plenty of great websites out there. If you still can’t find anything, please ask your teacher next time you come in for a lesson.

BBC NEWS
GOOD
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC
ABC HEALTH & WELL-BEING
ESQUIRETIME
ROLLING STONE
COSMOPOLITAN
THE ECONOMIST
WIRED

When choosing an article to read, you should consider how long it is. If you want to simulate the IELTS test, then remember that the passages used in an IELTS test range from 600-1200 words. The average length is somewhere around 750 words. Choosing an interesting, appropriately-length article is the best way to improve your vocabulary and reading fluency - just be sure to record and review the new vocabulary. And, don’t forget to pay attention to the use of synonyms and paraphrases!

興味のあることなら読み易いですね!
次回は「過去問は使える?」についてです!お楽しみにヽ(^o^)

IELTS勉強法:リーディングの秘訣#2: “語彙を増やすには?”

2015年 11月 10日 IELTS Tips

~IELTSで高スコアを取るための勉強のコツ~

このコーナーでは、IELTSの勉強法がわからないと感じている方に、お勧めの勉強法をご紹介します!
今回はリーディングのコツ その2!

「語彙を増やすには?」

前回の秘訣はテストで同義語を使うことを心がけるということでした。リーディングの点数を上げるため、過去問を何度も繰り返してやることが良いと思っている生徒が多いですが、過去問はIELTSの典型的な問題に慣れることには役立つ一方、英語には単語がとても多数ある為、次回のテストに全く同じ単語が出る確率はとても低いのです。

"How to build vocabulary?"

The last tip suggested focusing on the use of synonyms in the test. Now, many students think they should practice doing old tests over and over again to improve in this area. While using old test papers can help you become familiar with typical IELTS questions, there are so many words in English that there is very little chance that exactly the same words will be in the next test.

“So how should I build my vocabulary?”
This is a very difficult question to answer because every student learns in a different way. However, one general truth is that reading is the best way to improve your vocabulary. So, you should read, and read a lot!
Here are two very important things you should keep in mind:

First, don’t just read old IELTS test papers. Yes, these old papers can help you prepare for the test, but reading articles about topics you are not interested in is very boring! It is much better to read articles on topics you are interested in is a much better, whether that be music, fashion, cars, sports or some other topic This way, you are much more likely to stay motivated.
Secondly, when you come across a new word, highlight or underline it, but don’t stop reading. After you have finished the article, go back and try to guess the meaning. This skill will help you in the test. Finally, you should check the meaning in a dictionary.
The next step is essential! You must write these words down in a vocabulary notebook. Be sure to include important information, such as the meaning, synonyms (and antonyms). An example sentence will also help you remember how to use the word.

Here is an example:

Regular review of the words in your notebook, about once a week, will help you build your vocabulary quickly.

次回は「何を読んだら良い?」についてのお話です! お楽しみに^^