​IELTS勉強法:ライティングの秘訣#5: “Task1の攻略”

16.09.06 IELTS Tips

IELTSで高スコアを取るための勉強のコツ~

このコーナーでは、IELTSの勉強法がわからないと感じている方に、お勧めの勉強法をご紹介します!
今回はライティングのTask1の攻略法です!

IELTS Writing Task 1: How do I answer this?

IELTSのライティングテストTask1は生徒にとって大きな悩みの種です。なぜならこのタイプのライティングの練習をしたことが少ししか、あるいは全くないからです。基本的にTask1のライティングは視覚的に示されるデータについて150語(あるいはそれ以上)で書くことが求められます。線グラフや棒グラフ、円グラフや表、図表などで表わされるのです。

Task 1 in the IELTS writing test can cause a lot of trouble for students. This is because they have had little or no practice with this type of writing. Basically, Task 1 in the writing section asks you to write 150 words (or more) about some data that has been presented visually – that means it could be shown in a line graph, bar chart, pie chart, table or diagram.

The good news is that with a little practice, you can learn the structure that is required to complete this task well. This is actually great news because, in this section, markers focus a lot on structure.

There are three basic parts that you need to include in your response to a task 1 question:

  • An introduction to the graph/table/chart etc.
  • An overview
  • Specific Details

*4. A summary statementNot needed if you have already written an overview

  • An introduction
  • An overview
  • Give specific details

Your first paragraph should state what the data shows. You can get that information from the title and from the graph. Please note that it is very important that you paraphrase (Use different words)! If there is a time period, you should include it. Your introduction paragraph in Task 1 should only be 1 or 2 sentences.

Here you will need to state the main trend or trends shown in the graph. You should just say what is happening overall. Ask yourself, “What stands out?” Save details and data for later.

Sometimes people will put this overview at the end of their response. In truth, it does not matter if you put it at the end (in the conclusion) or early in the response (in the introduction). However, to get a high score, you need to provide an overview in one of these places.

In the second paragraph(s), or body, you should give more specific details. This must include information and data from the graph (or table).

The key to getting a high score in Task 1 is organizing your body paragraphs effectively. The best way to do is to find patterns in the data and group them together. A great way to find patterns is to look for similarities and differences. Use a separate paragraph for each pattern you identify.

*4. A summary statement

Your conclusion or summary statement should highlight the main point(s) of the graph (or table etc.). It should not offer an explanation for the results. This is not required for the question, and in fact, you will lose points if you include one.

You can begin your summary statement with phrases such as Overall, or In short,

This is an overview of the structure you need to use to achieve a high score. Remember that this is an academic task, so you need to use academic language in your response.

You will also need to practice a lot to develop the skills and language necessary to complete this type of task successfully. Good luck!

Task1で高得点を獲得する為の構成の仕方がお分かりいただけたでしょうか?学問的な語彙を使うことも求められるこのTask1、語彙力と文章の構成スキルを上げられるかが攻略のカギになるのですね!次回は実際に例題を使ってライティングの仕方をご紹介します!