Economic vs. Economical

12.04.03 English Tips

“Economic” and “economical” are two adjectives that are often used interchangeably.
They are clearly related but, strictly speaking, they have quite distinct meanings.

Economic describes something that is related to the study of economics or the economy of a country.
Example: The government redesigned its economic policies.

Economical describes something that saves money or gives good return for the resources used.
Example: The new fuel-efficient cars are very economical.

“Economic” と “Economical” は両方とも形容詞で、ほとんど同じ意味として使われています。

例: 政府はその経済政策を再設計した。