IELTS勉強法:スピーキングの秘訣#4: “Task2 高いバンドスコアをとるために詳細を加える”

16.10.04 IELTS Tips

IELTSで高スコアを取るための勉強のコツ~

このコーナーでは、IELTSの勉強法がわからないと感じている方に、お勧めの勉強法をご紹介します!
今回は、スピーキングの秘訣#4“Task2 高いバンドスコアをとるために詳細を加える”をご紹介します!

IELTS Tip: Speaking Task 2 – Add details to get the high band scores

「IELTSのスピーキングテストでバンドスコア6をとる為には何をすればよいのですか。」と多くの生徒に聞かれます。スコア4-5と6の主な違いはどのくらい流暢にコミュニケーションがとれるかです。言い換えると、面接官は何不自由なく話せるかを聞きたいのであって、ただ正確に話せるかではないのです。

Many students ask, “What do I have to do to get a band 6 score in the IELTS speaking test?” The main difference between a score of 4-5 and 6+ is how fluently you can communicate. In other words, the interviewer wants to hear you speak comfortably - not just correctly. Of course, you do not need to sound like a native speaker to get a band 6 score, but you will need to show that you can continue speaking without too many long pauses.

One essential way to demonstrate fluency in part 2 is to add details to your answer.

First, let’s review. In Part 2, you are given a card that asks you a question and provides some prompts (ideas) on the type of information you should include in your response. You are expected to speak for between 1 and 2 minutes. A typical card is shown below:

________________________________________________
Describe a place you have enjoyed visiting recently.

You should say:
where this place is
what this place is like
what you did there
and explain why you liked visiting this place.
________________________________________________

Now remember, fluency is a key factor in determining your score. A student scoring band 5 or higher should have no problem speaking for the full 2 minutes. If you rush through each point and only give short specific answers, you will finish your answer in around 1 minute or less! On the other hand, adding details will make your answer much more impressive and will fill the two minutes.

To add details, try this simple technique:

For each point on the question card, say 1) a fact, and 2) an opinion or personal comment.

This technique will make your answer longer and more complete. And the great thing is it also encourages you to naturally use a variety of vocabulary and sentence structures – both important things that the interviewer is listening for. Compare the following responses.

Response A: Last week, I went to Busan. It is in South Korea..um.. It is quite a big city. It is a fun city. So, ..ah..I went to the beach and did some shopping. I also did a bit of sightseeing. And I went to a very old palace. I liked visiting there because it was a lot of fun. I ate a lot of great food and had a good time with my friend.

Response B: I’m going to tell you about a place that I visited recently. Last week, I went to Busan. It is a city on the southern coast of South Korea. We can fly there directly from Sapporo, so it took only 2 hours to get there. Um…what’s it like? It is quite a big city,…maybe 2 or 3 million people. So, there’s plenty of fun things to do. I think it is famous for its hot springs, beaches and temples. I thought it was a lively city and the people were friendly, too. While I was there, I went to the beaches and did some shopping. The beaches were more beautiful than the ones here in Sapporo. And there are some great bars next to the beach, too. The shopping was pretty good too…maybe a bit cheaper than in Japan. I also did a bit of sightseeing. We went to a very old palace near the city, which I thought was really amazing. So, um yeah, basically, I enjoyed visiting there because I could spend a whole week having fun with my best friend. And I could experience another country for a short time.

Response B is much better because it includes many details and opinions to support the facts from the first Response A. The extra details have been underlined for you. There is also:

  • a strong introduction sentence (I’m going to tell you about a place that I visited recently), and
  • some sentences to move between points (what’s it like?; While I was there, …), and
  • a clear concluding sentence (So, um yeah, basically…)

Hopefully, this example helps you understand what it takes to get a high band score. To help you understand further how details and comments can improve your answers, you may wish to click on the link below. This link gives you some great examples responses that were scored as band 7.

いかがでしたか?初めに導入分を加え、できるだけ答えに詳細を加えて長い文章で伝えることが高いバンドスコアをとる為の秘訣なのですね!テスト準備をする際には是非この点を心がけながら練習してみてくださいね!